New data surveillance legislation has been approved by the Russian government. The new legislation states that online services, such as email and social network companies, need to keep message records for 1 year. If they use encryption, they must also help the Russian security services to decrypt any messages. Telecoms companies are also covered. They must keep the contents of text messages and phone calls for 6 months, and must keep records of text messages and phone calls (but not the actual content) for 3 years. The legislation still needs to be approved by President Putin before it becomes law. It has come under attack from Edward Snowden, who said that the legislation would “take money and liberty from every Russian without improving safety”.